When laser beams meet plasma: New data addresses gap in fusion research

DECEMBER 2, 2019 by University of Rochester New research from the University of Rochester will enhance the accuracy of computer models used in simulations of laser-driven implosions. The research, published in the journal Nature Physics, addresses one of the challenges in scientists’ longstanding quest to achieve fusion. In laser-driven inertial confinement fusion (ICF) experiments, such as the experiments conducted at […]

Helping machines perceive some laws of physics

Model registers “surprise” when objects in a scene do something unexpected, which could be used to build smarter AI. Rob Matheson | MIT News OfficeDecember 2, 2019 Humans have an early understanding of the laws of physical reality. Infants, for instance, hold expectations for how objects should move and interact with each other, and will […]

Designing humanity’s future in space

The Space Exploration Initiative’s latest research flight explores work and play in microgravity. Janine Liberty | MIT Media LabNovember 26, 2019 How will dancers perform in space? How will scientists do lab experiments without work tables? How will artists pursue crafting in microgravity? How can exercise, gastronomy, research, and other uniquely human endeavors be reimagined […]

The plot thickens for a hypothetical X17 particle

NOVEMBER 29, 2019 by Ana Lopes, CERN resh evidence of an unknown particle that could carry a fifth force of nature gives the NA64 collaboration at CERN a new incentive to continue searches. In 2015, a team of scientists spotted an unexpected glitch, or “anomaly”, in a nuclear transition that could be explained by the production of an […]

Coated seeds may enable agriculture on marginal lands

A specialized silk covering could protect seeds from salinity while also providing fertilizer-generating microbes. David L. Chandler | MIT News OfficeNovember 25, 2019 Providing seeds with a protective coating that also supplies essential nutrients to the germinating plant could make it possible to grow crops in otherwise unproductive soils, according to new research at MIT. […]

Researchers uncover key reaction that influences growth of potentially harmful particles in atmosphere

NOVEMBER 25, 2019 by University of Pennsylvania Air-quality alerts often include the levels of particulate matter, small clumps of molecules in the lower atmosphere that can range in size from microscopic to visible. These particles can contribute to haze, clouds, and fog and also can pose a health risk, especially those at the smaller end of […]

Producing better guides for medical-image analysis

Model quickly generates brain scan templates that represent a given patient population. Rob Matheson | MIT News OfficeNovember 26, 2019 MIT researchers have devised a method that accelerates the process for creating and customizing templates used in medical-image analysis, to guide disease diagnosis.   One use of medical image analysis is to crunch datasets of […]

Study paves way to better understanding, treatment of arthritis

NOVEMBER 25, 2019 by Steve Lundeberg, Oregon State University Oregon State University research has provided the first complete, cellular-level look at what’s going on in joints afflicted by osteoarthritis, a debilitating and costly condition that affects nearly one-quarter of adults in the United States. The study, published today in Nature Biomedical Engineering, opens the door to better […]

NASA rockets study why tech goes haywire near poles

NOVEMBER 25, 2019 by Miles Hatfield, NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Each second, 1.5 million tons of solar material shoot off of the Sun and out into space, traveling at hundreds of miles per second. Known as the solar wind, this incessant stream of plasma, or electrified gas, has pelted Earth for more than 4 billion years. […]

Heating techniques could improve treatment of macular degeneration

NOVEMBER 24, 2019 by American Physical Society Age-related macular degeneration is the primary cause of central vision loss and results in the center of the visual field being blurred or fully blacked out. Though treatable, some methods can be ineffective or cause unwanted side effects. Jinglin Huang, a graduate student in medical engineering at Caltech, suggests […]