Microbial cooperation at the micron scale impacts biodegradation

MIT researchers demonstrate how often-ignored microbial interactions have a significant impact on the biodegradation of complex materials. Maria Iacobo | Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringNovember 15, 2019 The carbon cycle, in which CO2 is incorporated into living organisms and later released back into the atmosphere through respiration, relies on the ability of bacteria and fungi […]

Physicists irreversibly split photons by freezing them in a Bose-Einstein condensate

NOVEMBER 14, 2019 by University of Bonn Light can be directed in different directions, usually also back the same way. Physicists from the University of Bonn and the University of Cologne have, however, succeeded in creating a new one-way street for light. They cool photons down to a Bose-Einstein condensate, which causes the light to collect […]

Research reveals new state of matter: a Cooper pair metal

The idea that boson-like Cooper pairs are responsible for this metallic state is something of a surprise, the researchers say, because there are elements of quantum theory that suggest this shouldn’t be possible. NOVEMBER 15, 2019 by Kevin Stacey, Brown University For years, physicists have assumed that Cooper pairs, the electron duos that enable superconductors to […]

Microparticles could help fight malnutrition

New strategy for encapsulating nutrients makes it easier to fortify foods with iron and vitamin A. Anne Trafton | MIT News OfficeNovember 13, 2019 About 2 billion people around the world suffer from deficiencies of key micronutrients such as iron and vitamin A. Two million children die from these deficiencies every year, and people who […]

Quantum transition makes electrons behave as if they lack spin

The experimental part, led by Professor Silke Paschen, was conducted in the laboratories of the Vienna University of Technology (TUW) in Austria.  NOVEMBER 14, 2019 by José Tadeu Arantes, FAPESP The common phase transitions are those that occur as a function of temperature variation. Ice changes phase to become liquid water at 0 degrees Celsius. Liquid […]

How do you make the world’s most powerful neutrino beam?

Neutrinos (and their antimatter counterparts, antineutrinos) are born as other particles decay, carrying away small amounts of energy to balance the cosmic ledger.  NOVEMBER 14, 2019 by Lauren Biron, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory What do you need to make the most intense beam of neutrinos in the world? Just a few magnets and some pencil lead. […]

Could the mysteries of antimatter and dark matter be linked?

The BASE group collaborators wondered whether the lack of antimatter might be because it interacts differently with dark matter, and set out to test this.  NOVEMBER 13, 2019 by RIKEN Could the profound mysteries of antimatter and dark matter be linked? Thinking that they might be, scientists from the international BASE collaboration, led by Stefan Ulmer […]

What survives, thrives and dominates over a thousand generations? The answer might be even more complex than thought

NOVEMBER 13, 2019 by Harvard University Aa team of scientists, led by Harvard researchers, has used a new method of DNA “re-barcoding” to track rapid evolution in yeast. The new approach, published in Nature, advances the field of organismic and evolutionary biology and holds promise for real-world results. The potential impact of the work can be illustrated […]

Etalumis ‘reverses’ simulations to reveal new science

Scientists already have robust simulation software packages that model the physics and everything that occurs within the detector. NOVEMBER 13, 2019 by Keri Troutman, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Scientists have built simulations to help explain behavior in the real world, including modeling for disease transmission and prevention, autonomous vehicles, climate science, and in the search for […]

With Mars methane mystery unsolved, Curiosity serves scientists a new one: Oxygen

NOVEMBER 12, 2019 by Lonnie Shekhtman, NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center For the first time in the history of space exploration, scientists have measured the seasonal changes in the gases that fill the air directly above the surface of Gale Crater on Mars. As a result, they noticed something baffling: oxygen, the gas many Earth creatures […]