Technique identifies T cells primed for certain allergies or infections

Researchers develop a method to isolate and sequence the RNA of T cells that react to a specific target. Anne Trafton | MIT News OfficeNovember 19, 2019 When your immune system is exposed to a vaccine, an allergen, or an infectious microbe, subsets of T cells that can recognize a foreign intruder leap into action. […]

A marvelous molecular machine

NOVEMBER 15, 2019 by Harrison Tasoff and Sonia Fernandez, University of California – Santa Barbara Squids, octopuses and cuttlefish are undisputed masters of deception and camouflage. Their extraordinary ability to change color, texture and shape is unrivaled, even by modern technology. Researchers in the lab of UC Santa Barbara professor Daniel Morse have long been interested […]

How the brain regulates variability in motor functions

“We have shown that the brain uses a sophisticated algorithm to regulate motor variability in a way that improves task performance.” NOVEMBER 8, 2019 by Leah Burrows, Harvard University Anyone who has ever tried to serve a tennis ball or flip a pancake or even play a video game knows, it is hard to perform the […]

Researchers discover how cells know their future and forget their past

NOVEMBER 7, 2019 by University of Copenhagen Stem cells all share the potential of developing into any specific cell in the body. Many researchers are therefore trying to answer the fundamental questions of what determines the cells’ developmental fate as well as when and why the cells lose the potential of developing into any cell. Now, […]

World-leading microscopes take candid snapshots of atoms in their ‘neighborhoods’

NOVEMBER 6, 2019 by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Researchers from MIT will be collaborating with colleagues at the University of Colorado at Boulder on an experiment scheduled to be sent to the International Space Station (ISS) on Nov. 2. The experiment is looking for ways to address the formation of biofilms on surfaces within the space station. These […]

Implantable cancer traps could provide earlier diagnosis, help monitor treatment

OCTOBER 29, 2019 by University of Michigan Invasive procedures to biopsy tissue from cancer-tainted organs could be replaced by simply taking samples from a tiny “decoy” implanted just beneath the skin, University of Michigan researchers have demonstrated in mice. These devices have a knack for attracting cancer cells traveling through the body. In fact, they can even pick […]

New process could make hydrogen peroxide available in remote places

MIT-developed method may lead to portable devices for making the disinfectant on-site where it’s needed. David L. Chandler | MIT News Office October 23, 2019 Hydrogen peroxide, a useful all-purpose disinfectant, is found in most medicine cabinets in the developed world. But in remote villages in developing countries, where it could play an important role […]

Cell stiffness may indicate whether tumors will invade

Study shows tumors with softer, larger cells at their periphery are more likely to spread; may suggest new route for cancer therapy. Jennifer Chu | MIT News OfficeOctober 21, 2019 Engineers at MIT and elsewhere have tracked the evolution of individual cells within an initially benign tumor, showing how the physical properties of those cells […]

Whitehead Institute team resolves structure of master growth regulator

New research reveals how mTORC1 docks at lysosomal surface. Nicole Davis | Whitehead InstituteOctober 18, 2019 A team of Whitehead Institute scientists has for the first time revealed the molecular structure of a critical growth regulator bound to its partner proteins, creating a fine-grained view of how they interact to sense nutrient levels and control […]

Imaging combined with genetic screening of cells enhances genomic discoveries

New image-based genetic screening method helps researchers identify key regulators of inflammation. Namrata Sengupta | Broad InstituteOctober 17, 2019 The following press release was issued today by the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard. Scientists routinely use genetic screens to perturb, or change the activity of, genes in mammalian cells, one at a time, to […]