Researchers produce first laser ultrasound images of humans

Technique may help remotely image and assess health of infants, burn victims, and accident survivors in hard-to-reach places. Jennifer Chu | MIT News OfficeDecember 19, 2019 For most people, getting an ultrasound is a relatively easy procedure: As a technician gently presses a probe against a patient’s skin, sound waves generated by the probe travel […]

Study paves way to better understanding, treatment of arthritis

NOVEMBER 25, 2019 by Steve Lundeberg, Oregon State University Oregon State University research has provided the first complete, cellular-level look at what’s going on in joints afflicted by osteoarthritis, a debilitating and costly condition that affects nearly one-quarter of adults in the United States. The study, published today in Nature Biomedical Engineering, opens the door to better […]

Heating techniques could improve treatment of macular degeneration

NOVEMBER 24, 2019 by American Physical Society Age-related macular degeneration is the primary cause of central vision loss and results in the center of the visual field being blurred or fully blacked out. Though treatable, some methods can be ineffective or cause unwanted side effects. Jinglin Huang, a graduate student in medical engineering at Caltech, suggests […]

Microparticles could help fight malnutrition

New strategy for encapsulating nutrients makes it easier to fortify foods with iron and vitamin A. Anne Trafton | MIT News OfficeNovember 13, 2019 About 2 billion people around the world suffer from deficiencies of key micronutrients such as iron and vitamin A. Two million children die from these deficiencies every year, and people who […]

Double-sided tape for tissues could replace surgical sutures

New adhesive that binds wet surfaces within seconds could be used to heal wounds or implant medical devices. Anne Trafton | MIT News OfficeOctober 30, 2019 Inspired by a sticky substance that spiders use to catch their prey, MIT engineers have designed a double-sided tape that can rapidly seal tissues together. In tests in rats […]

Cell stiffness may indicate whether tumors will invade

Study shows tumors with softer, larger cells at their periphery are more likely to spread; may suggest new route for cancer therapy. Jennifer Chu | MIT News OfficeOctober 21, 2019 Engineers at MIT and elsewhere have tracked the evolution of individual cells within an initially benign tumor, showing how the physical properties of those cells […]

Drug combination reverses hypersensitivity to noise

Findings in mice suggest targeting certain brain circuits could offer new ways to treat some neurological disorders. Anne Trafton | MIT News OfficeOctober 21, 2019 People with autism often experience hypersensitivity to noise and other sensory input. MIT neuroscientists have now identified two brain circuits that help tune out distracting sensory information, and they have […]

Whitehead Institute team resolves structure of master growth regulator

New research reveals how mTORC1 docks at lysosomal surface. Nicole Davis | Whitehead InstituteOctober 18, 2019 A team of Whitehead Institute scientists has for the first time revealed the molecular structure of a critical growth regulator bound to its partner proteins, creating a fine-grained view of how they interact to sense nutrient levels and control […]

Imaging combined with genetic screening of cells enhances genomic discoveries

New image-based genetic screening method helps researchers identify key regulators of inflammation. Namrata Sengupta | Broad InstituteOctober 17, 2019 The following press release was issued today by the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard. Scientists routinely use genetic screens to perturb, or change the activity of, genes in mammalian cells, one at a time, to […]

Drug that blocks blood vessel growth could treat rare sarcomas

An experimental targeted drug could treat a rare type of cancer usually affecting the limbs, a clinical trial led by The Institute of Cancer Research, London, has shown. OCTOBER 16, 2019 by Institute of Cancer Research The important trial could lead to a much-needed new treatment for patients with alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS), which tends […]